Casting lots causes contentions to cease, and keeps the mighty apart. (Proverbs 18:18)
Whether the casting of lots was the equivalent to drawing straws or voting, we do not know for sure. We do know however that according to Proverbs 16:33, "The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord." Therefore, luck has nothing to do with the conclusions that were made by it. Throughout the scriptures major decisions were made by casting lots. A lot is a small round stone, similar to a marble. Just how the voting or drawing was done, we do not know. The key is that decisions were made. Differences were brought to a conclusion and disputes were ended. Life continued trusting the Lord for the results of the lots that were cast. The decision was final. Let us learn the lesson taught. After the lot was cast contentions ceased, and the parties, whether it was the choosing of a king or the appointment of a disciple, settled their differences.